Advanced Photon Source

An Office of Science National User Facility

SRS Highlights

XSD-SRS Scientific Highlights
2017
Keeping Li-Ion Batteries from Fading Away Operando x-ray diffraction reveals two populations of NCA (“sluggish” and “active”) after capacity fade that charge at different rates. Intergranular cracking compromises the ionic and electrical conductivity of grains inside a secondary particle and lead 11-ID-B
An Earth-Bound Amino Acid that May Be Common in Outer Space Fig. 1. Left-hand side depicts the Stardust spacecraft flyby of comet Wild 2 in January 2004, collecting dust samples from the surrounding coma. In January 2006, a capsule from Stardust returned to Earth, leading to the first discovery of glycine in a com 17-BM-B
Developing Protections against Chemical Warfare Agents
Zr-based metal organic frameworks (MOFs) have recently been shown to be among the fastest catalysts of nerve-agent hydrolysis in solution. We report a detailed study of the adsorption and decomposition of a nerve-agent simulant, dimethyl methylphosphonate
17-BM-B
Improving the Braids that Bind Uranium from Seawater Improving the Braids that Bind Uranium from Seawater 11-ID-B
2016
The First Capture of Neon in an Organic Environment The First Capture of Neon in an Organic Environment 17-BM-B
Gold Nanocrystal “Double” Hints at Other Shape-Changing Particles Gold Nanocrystal “Double” Hints at Other Shape-Changing Particles 11-ID-B
Faking Photosynthesis to Make Hydrogen Fuel Faking Photosynthesis to Make Hydrogen Fuel 11-ID-D
A Crystal Mismatch Generates Magnetism A Crystal Mismatch Generates Magnetism 11-ID-D
Mix and Match MOF Mix and Match MOF 11-ID-B
A Gold Alloy with an Extra Electron A Gold Alloy with an Extra Electron 11-BM-B
Batteries perform better without the strain Batteries perform better without the strain 11-ID-B
Advanced sodium-ion batteries Advanced sodium-ion batteries 11-BM-B
A thermally stable blue phosphor A thermally stable blue phosphor 11-BM-B
A large magnetocaloric effect A large magnetocaloric effect 11-ID-C
Removing metal pollutants Removing metal pollutants 11-BM-B
A Metastable β-type Alloy A Metastable B-type Alloy 11-ID-C
Understanding phase transformations Understanding phase transformations 11-ID-C
A new pseudobrookite phase A new pseudobrookite phase 11-BM-B
A 2D Kagome lattice A 2D Kagome lattice 11-BM-B
Flexible MOFs under stress Flexible MOFs under stress 11-BM-B
Catalysts for clean energy production Catalysts for clean energy production

11-ID-C/   11-ID-D

New Materials for Na-ion Batteries New Materials for Na-ion Batteries 11-BM-B
Nanoparticles for ​photocatalysis Nanoparticles for photocatalysis 11-ID-B
MXenes Structures MXenes structures 11-ID-B
Investigating new materials Investigating new materials 11-BM-B
Peptide-enabled nanoparticles Peptide-enabled nanoparticles 11-ID-C
Iron in lithium-ion batteries Iron in lithium-ion batteries 11-BM-B
Hetero-junction nanocomposites Hetero-junction nanocomposites 17-BM-B
Efficient electrocatalytic production Efficient electrocatalytic production 11-ID-B
Rechargable Ca-ion batteries Rechargable Ca-ion batteries 11-BM-B
2015
Topological insulators under pressure Topological insulators under pressure 11-BM-B
Custom-Built MOFs for Catalytic Enzyme Encapsulation Custom Built MOFs 17-BM-B
Transparent conducting oxides Transparent Conducting Oxides 11-BM-B
Beyond-Lithium-ion Batteries Beyond Lithium Ion Batteries 11-ID-D
Manipulating magnetic nanoparticles Manipulating magnetic nanoparticles 11-ID-B
The evolution of carbon capture The evolution of carbon capture 17-BM-B
Controlling metallic nanomaterials Controlling metallic nanomaterials 11-ID-C
Complex bismuth iodides Complex bismuth iodides 11-BM-B
A new metal-organic framework A new metal-organic framework 11-BM-B
Powered by methane Powered by methane 17-BM-B
Synthesizing nanoparticles Synthesizing nanoparticles 11-ID-B
Ultrafast photoinduced structural distortions Ultrafast photoinduced structural distortions 11-ID-D
Tetravalent ion hydrolysis and condensation Tetravalent ion hydrolysis and condensation 11-ID-B
Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics Dielectrics and ferroelectrics 11-ID-B
Emission Color Tuning Emission Color Tuning 11-BM-B
The Morphology of Nanoparticles The morphology of nanoparticles 11-ID-D
A Dichalcogenide Spin Glass A dichalcogenide spin glass 11-BM-B
Nanoporous Carbons Nanoporous Carbons 11-ID-B
Embedded Nanoribbons Embedded nanoribbons 11-BM-B
Functionalizing Metal-Organic Frameworks Functionalizing metal–organic frameworks 11-ID-B
Nanometric Particles Nanometric Particles 11-BM-B
Palladium-alloyed nanocatalysts Palladium-alloyed nanocatalysts 11-ID-C
Sodium-ordered form of NVP Sodium-ordered form of NVP 11-BM-B
New Materials in the Works New Materials in the Works 11-BM-B
Mesoporous Spinels Mesoporous Spinels 11-ID-B
Colloidal Nanoparticles Colloidal Nanoparticles 11-BM-B
Environmental Oxidants Environmental Oxidents 11-ID-B
Skutterudite Skutterudite 11-BM-B
Cobalt Phospahte Nanorods Cobalt phosphide nanorods 11-ID-B
Rock-fluid Interactions Rock Fluid Interactions 11-ID-C
What is Schwertmannite? What is schwertmannite? 11-ID-B
Energetics of Ion Transport Energetics of ion transport 11-BM-B
Precipitation Reaction Kinetics Precipitation reaction kinetics 11-ID-C
Spotlight on Pressure Spotlight on Pressure 17-BM-B
Serpentinites at APS Serpentinites at APS 11-ID-C
Accelerating Lithium Storage Perovskite solar technology shows quick energy returns 11-ID-B
Hetero-nanoparticles Hetero-nanoparticles 11-BM-B
Nanoscale Atomic Displacements Nanoscale atomic displacements 11-ID-C
Creating Mg-ion Batteries  “Defect-tolerant Diffusion Channels for Mg2+ ions in Ribbon-type Borates: Structural Insights into Potential Battery Cathodes MgVBO4 and MgxFe2-xB2O5 ,” 11-BM-B
Multiple Redox Modes Multiple redox modes 11-BM-B / 11-ID-B
Electrochemical Energy Storage Electrochemical Energy Storage 11-ID-B / 17-BM-B
APS X-Rays Target Selenium Remediation Selenium Remediation 11-ID-B
Octohedral Monocrystals Octahedral microcrystals 11-ID-C
Solution Speciation Solution Speciation 11-ID-B
Effects of Lattice Misfit Lattice Misfit 11-BM-B
Unraveling the origin of the pseudogap
in a charge density wave compound
Scanning tunneling microscope images show the configuration of the materials with increased doping (from left to right). Small areas of well-defined charge density wave ordering become visible. (Image courtesy Stephan Rosenkranz. 11-ID-C
Achieving large linear elasticity and high strength
in bulk nanocompsite via synergistic effect
(a–b), Scanning transmission electron microscopic (STEM) image of the longitudinal-section and cross-section of the composite wire (bright regions: cross sections of Nb nanowires; dark regions: NiTi matrix). (c), 1D high-energy X-ray diffraction (HE-XRD) 11-ID-C
A Framework for Next-Gen Optical Sensors and LEDs A new tetraphenylethylene-based zirconium MOF exhibits a deep-blue fluorescent emission at 470 nanometers with a unity quantum yield (99.9 ± 0.5%) under Ar, representing ca. 3600 cm−1 blue shift and tripled radiative decay efficiency vs the linker precurs 17-BM-B
2014
Who Shrunk the Catalyst? Combined experimental and theoretical studies of Pt nanoparticles on alumina (Al2O3) characterize precisely the contract and expansion of the lattice parameter caused by different chemical environments. 11-ID-B
Cooking Up New Nanoribbons to Make Better White LEDs The researchers fabricated three types of nanoribbons, (l-r) EuAl6O10 emitting blue light, and two forms of EuAl2O4, emitting green and orange. The top row shows microscopic images of the materials. In the middle row, x-rays excite emissions that travel a 11-BM-B
Composite Battery Boost Normalized XANES spectra of Li/Se cell during cycling. Black line is the battery voltage profile. 11-ID-C
Molten Metal Solidifies into a New Kind of Glass Microstructure of an Al91Fe7Si2 alloy after electron beam surface melting with a scan velocity of 50 cm/s. The nodules at the center of radiating patterns of crystallization are glass. This morphology indicates that the glass was first to solidify from th 11-ID-B
New Family of Tiny Crystals Glow Bright in LED Lights Laue microdiffraction pattern acquired from a nanoribbon in experiments at the APS. 11-ID-C
The Superpower behind Iron Oxyfluoride Battery Electrodes Structural changes probed using operando PDF analysis indicates a partitioning of a FeOF-based electrode into fluorine- and oxygen-rich phases with different reactivity for each component. 11-ID-B
An Intriguing Twist in the Structure of a Cobalt Oxide Catalyst Scanning electron micrograph of the water-splitting cobalt oxide catalyst. 11-ID-B
Assessing the Risk of Arsenic Ingestion Mineralogy, percent arsenic bioaccessibility and total arsenic concentration of samples from Nova Scotia mine tailings. Detailed mineralogical analyses of individual samples revealed up to seven arsenic species in individual samples (six shown here as maj 11-ID-B
In or Out: Setting a Trap for Radioactive Iodine Porous mordenite is illustrated in the middle portion of the figure. Tiny particles of ionic silver (Ag+) are attached to the mordenite, as depicted by the three small blue spheres. Today's standard approach to capturing radioactive iodine begins with the 11-ID-B
Cementing the Structure of CSHs (Photo: Fred Hartmann Bridge, copyright by Texas Transportation Institute, 2004.) 11-ID-C
The Package Matters Packing ammonia borane into mesoporous silica leads to a remarkable enhancement of the hydrogen storage properties. This image shows the molecular configuration of the packed ammonia borane (while spheres are hydrogen). 11-ID-B